Nonlinear Fe Model for Shear Strengthening of Simply Supported RC Beams with FRP DE Bars

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Baisali Dutta
Amar Nath Nayak
Bharawaj Nanda
Samir Dirar


Deep embedment (DE) is emerging as a potential and effective shear strengthening approach for existing reinforced concrete (RC) structures. A two-dimensional nonlinear finite element (NLFE) model for simply supported RC T-beams strengthened in shear with embedded carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) and steel bars is presented in this study. VecTor2, version 4.2, was used to create a two-dimensional NLFE model. To validate the nonlinear FE models, three sets of six simply supported RC T-beams from Breveglieri et al. (2015) are employedEach set consists of two beams with vertical and inclined (45) DE bars. Set one strengthens the beams with steel DE bars without vertical steel stirrups in the shear span. In the shear span, the beams of Sets two and three are reinforced with CFRP DE bars with vertical steel stirrups @180 mm c/c and @300 mm c/c, respectively. The above-mentioned NLFE model is validated by comparing experimental and predicted results for failure load, deflection, and failure mode. For both experimental and simulated beams, the fracture pattern is diagonal, and the failure mode is shear failure. The overall mean predicted/experimental loads at failure and deflection at failure ratios are 1.09 and 1.00, respectively, with corresponding standard deviations of 0.03 and 0.04. Following the validation of the proposed NLFE model's correctness, numerical parametric tests are conducted to determine the influence of concrete compressive strength and effective depth of RC T-beams on shear capacity of simply supported RC T-beams. The parametric analysis findings reveal that enhancing the cylinder compressive strength increases the predicted failure load while increasing the effective beam depth decreases it.Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) bars

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