Seismic Risk Assessment of Asymmetric Buildings using Fragility Curves

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Upasana R. Rana
Snehal V. Mevada
Vishal B. Patel


It is very important and necessary to assess the seismic risk for the buildings subjected to uncertain and highly unpredictable dynamic forces produced from earthquakes. Fragility curves are the best tools for the representation of seismic risk assessment. In the present study, risk assessment of structure subjected to seismic loading is evaluated. Further, the effects of different eccentricities are also studied for seismic risk assessment. The fragility curves are developed for G+5 storied RCC bare frame building as well as G+5 storied RCC building with shear wall. The considered buildings are subjected to ground motions of past recorded earthquakes. Buildings with different eccentricities and various structural configurations are studied for various failure criteria. The responses of the considered buildings subjected to earthquake excitations are evaluated by Incremental Dynamic Analyses. Fragility curves are developed using Monte Carlo method considering various performance levels as per ATC-40. It is observed that for immediate occupancy failure criteria, the probability of failure is increased constantly with increasing the percentage of structural eccentricity. Further, it is observed that very less variation is observed in the probability of failure under life safety and collapse prevention failure stages.

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